COLLOQUIUM 2011

- Campus Jussieu

Le colloquium Pierre et Marie Curie présente des exposés consacrés à la physique contemporaine et aux disciplines connexes. Ces exposés sont destinés à tous les étudiants et à tous les enseignants et chercheurs mais plus particulièrement aux étudiants de master et aux étudiants en thèse. Les exposés ont lieu soit en français soit en anglais.

Complex dynamics of transcriptional response: how do cells get on the fast lane?


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Résumé

The talk will start with a very basic introduction aimed at the non-expert. In response to external stimuli, cells adjust their behavior to a changing environment for example, they start to divide or migrate. In order to perform these actions, the protein content of the cell must change. To accomplish this, a cell must modify the levels at which the genes that code for these proteins are transcribed. These transcriptional responses to extracellular stimuli are regulated by tuning the rates of transcript production and degradation. I present here the results of a study aimed at deducing the dynamics of these two processes from measurements of the transcriptome, and to elucidate the operational strategy behind this dynamics. We found that production of many transcripts was characterized by a large dynamic range, which allowed these genes to exhibit an unexpectedly strong transient production overshoot, thereby accelerating their induction.


Orateur(s) : Eytan Domany
Public : Tous
Date : 26 mai 2011
Lieu : Campus Jussieu