IOCCG Summer Lecture Series 2012

2 – 14 July 2012 - Villefranche-sur-Mer

The International Ocean Colour Coordinating Group (IOCCG) organized the first IOCCG Summer Lecture Series dedicated to high level training in the fundamentals of ocean optics, bio‐optics and ocean colour remote sensing. This was a 2‐week intensive course that took place from July 2nd – 14th at the Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche (LOV), Villefranche‐sur‐mer, France. A total of 13 renowned lecturers were invited to teach at the course and 17 students from 13 different countries took part in the course. More than 100 students had applied to participate in the course and the 17 remaining applicants were primarily chosen with respect to their motivation and on the basis of their academic background. The majority of them were PhD students and post‐Docs, and some were starting their careers as young researchers. The participants came from a broad range of backgrounds, but all were familiar with at least some domains of ocean colour science and had a solid understanding of ocean colour remote sensing.

Above and in water radiometry: methods and calibration requirements

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Lecture 1: Above‐ & In‐Water Radiometry (Methods & Calibration Requirements)
In situ optical radiometric measurements have direct application in the development and assessment of:

  1. theoretical models describing extinction of light in seawater; and
  2. empirical algorithms linking the seawater apparent optical properties to the optically significant constituents expressed through their inherent optical properties or concentrations.
In addition, in situ radiometric data are essential for the vicarious calibration of space sensors and the validation of remote sensing products. The most accurate input data is always the most desirable for any bio‐optical modeling and calibration or validation activity. However, accuracy requirements impact methodological and instrumental investment which should be weighed against the specific need for each application.

The lecture, after a brief introduction to radiometric concepts and terminology, addresses the fundamentals of above‐ and in‐water field radiometry. This includes a review of instruments, measurement methods and data analysis.

Additional elements addressed in the lecture include an overview of calibration requirements and methods for ocean color field radiometry. These latter include an introduction to absolute radiometric calibration of radiance and irradiance sensors, determination of the geometric response of cosine collectors, characterization of immersion factors for in‐water sensors. Finally, inter‐comparisons of radiometric products derived from different measuring systems and methods are used to discuss individual performances.


G. Zibordi and K.J. Voss. Field Radiometry and Ocean Color Remote Sensing. In Oceanography from Space, revisited. V. Barale, J.F.R. Gower and L. Alberotanza
Eds., Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 365‐398, 2010.

Speaker(s) : Giuseppe Zibordi, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Ispra, Italy
Public : All
Date : Thursday 5 july 2012
Place : Villefranche-sur-Mer